Poultry problems with watering lines

Along with feed, the poultry needs quality drinking water. Deficiency of water leads to lethargy of birds, poor feed intake, low digestibility, and hence increased conversion, reduced profitability of egg production or poultry meat.

You can see below the norms of water consumption.

Water consumption by poultry (broilers, young chickens, laying hens)

Classification of waterers

Technologists distinguish the following types of waterers:
● nipple. The waterer produces a small drop, which is picked by a bird;
● drinking bowl. A small bowl is placed at the level of the head of a chick or a mature bird. The water comes in the bowl under pressure, and the birds drink it;
● vacuum. The usual covers on the jars are an example of such a waterer. Atmospheric pressure prevents the liquid from pouring out of the jars;
● siphon. Water is gradually entering the siphon system with the tray. Such waterers can be hinged, installed on the floor;
● simple drinking containers. Usual bowls, cut plastic containers, buckets will fit for this purpose. The option is only suitable for adult large poultry.
But this watering method has a number of disadvantages. The water is quickly contaminated with garbage, feathers, manure. Also, the broiler or turkey can fly to the edge of the bucket, like to the perch, and turn over the waterer.

Advantages of using broilers watering lines

When the farm keeps more than 100 birds, it is advisable to arrange a watering line in the building. Nipple waterers or drinking bowls with automatic water supply provide:
● constant access of poultry and young chickens to fresh running water;
● economical water consumption. Excess moisture is not splashed by poultry;
● vitamins and medicines can be added to the water, with strict control of the amount;
● room microclimate improvement
● saving time on poultry house maintenance.

Poultry problems with watering line operation

Careless attitude when installing the line, saving on materials instantly negatively affect the production process. Problems arise due to malfunctions of waterers.
Uric acid diathesis (gout). Young chickens are endangered in the first 10 days. The problem arises due to the lack of access of chickens to water. In 12 hours the apathy of a bird develops, daily consumption of feed decreases. Young chickens start to die in 2-3 days.

Deficiency of water provokes the deposition of salt crystals in the heart and other internal organs. It is a mass phenomenon and can be corrected only by eliminating the cause. Experienced poultry technologists explain the development of gout in broilers by the following:
● narrow watering front. The watering front should be at least 2.5-3.5 cm per head. More often the problem arises in premises with a brooder way of keeping young chickens. If in the first weeks you warm up chickens under a brooder, put additional waterers;
● incorrect installation height of the nipple or bowl. If the waterers are too high or low, the young chickens do not see the water, do not understand where it is. Technologists recommend mounting the waterers parallel to the floor. As for the angle of attachment and height, the waterer must be installed at eye level of the chicken at an angle to the floor of 30 degrees up to 4th day.
● wrong system pressure. High pressure means that the young chickens do not have the strength to press the nipple, low pressure means that the drop does not come out, but evaporates. Also, depending on the age of the poultry, the water pressure in the watering system should change. The optimal height of the water column:

1 week - 10-15 cm of water column;
2-3 week - 20-25 cm of water column;
3-4 week - 25-30 cm of water column;
4-6 week - 30-35 cm of water column.

● line blockage. Therefore, it is important to check the permeability of water and its pressure daily;
● use of nipples with vertical pressing (180 °) for small chickens. Otherwise, the chickens will spill a lot of water, wet the litter and freeze.

Wet litter problem. After 21 days of growing the broiler, it may encounter the following problem associated with interruption of the watering line operation. Ammonia from manure settles on wet straw and wood chips. The aggressive environment of the wet floor damages the thin skin on the paws of chickens. Due to the wounds, ulcers the young chickens become apathetic. With the development of pododermatitis, the broiler feels pain at every step. This poultry tries to remain in one position or on the perch, comes more frequently to feeders. In neglected cases, pododermatitis develops on the chest and metatarsal joints. Wounds begin to fester, the body loses its marketable appearance and gets into waste.

High humidity and rapid wetting occur due to:
● high system pressure;
● use of hard water. Mineral crystals quickly seal the nipple hole, reduce the diameter of the pipe, increasing the pressure in the watering line system;
● use of poor quality nipples. In industrial poultry farming, only metal or reinforced plastic waterers are used.

Metal is better, because stainless steel easily withstands treatment with disinfectant solutions, washing with hot water.

Outbreak of coccidiosis. Additionally, coccidia actively multiply in moist litter. Pathogenic microorganisms are able to kill the entire poultry stock in a week. The danger of the disease is that it is not curable. Prevention of coccidiosis in the poultry stock is compliance with the recommended parameters of the microclimate in the poultry house and the use of specialized feed. For example, the line of complete feed for poultry ALPHA in the options start, grover and finish contains coccidiostats. Functional supplement protects the digestive system of the broiler against pathogenic bacteria, reduces the percentage of deaths in the stock at all stages of poultry farming.

How to avoid problems with poultry watering

Technologists advise not to abandon the idea of installing watering lines in the poultry house. To avoid problems with the operation of waterers you should do the following regularly:
● clean waterers daily;
● install nipples with 360 ° head option. So all the stock will be able to drink as needed from different sides;
● control the water quality at the beginning and at the end of the watering line;
● don’t give cold water to young chickens. Ideally, the water should be of the poultry house temperature;
● wash the lines regularly;
● use similar types of waterers in the period of poultry growing and management in the productive period;
● adjust the water pressure level until a drop appears.

Together with the watering line, ready-to-use complete compound feeds from Feedlance B.V. will make growing broilers and egg-laying hens an easy and effective activity.

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